Какие бывают фильтры для очистки воды

Начнем с того, что все фильтры для воды делятся на:

- фильтры для очистки питьевой воды

- фильтры для очистки бытовой воды

Питьевые фильтры и их разновидности

Фильтры для питьевой воды, как ни странно, очищают воду для питья, при этом разные модели позволяют фильтровать воду до той или иной степени. Если распределить питьевые фильтры по степени очистки воды, то получим:

- фильтр-кувшин

- проточный фильтр

- мембранный фильтр

- обратноосмотическая система

При этом фильтр-кувшин осуществляет только базовую очистку в то время, как обратноосмотическая система позволяет фильтровать воду на 99%, после чего её можно пить без предварительного кипячения.

Фильтры для базовой очистки

К фильтрам для базовой очистки относятся фильтры-кувшины и проточные фильтры.

Фильтр-кувшин имеет 1-2 картриджа, которые в основном направлены на очистку воды от хлора, нефтепродуктов, органики и тяжелых металлов. Чаще всего в таких фильтрах используются картриджи на основе активированного угля, поэтому после него вода становится прозрачнее и не имеет посторонних запахов и привкуса.

Преимущества: мобильность (можно брать с собой на дачу, в поездки, на природу), низкая цена самого фильтра, простой принцип работы.

Недостатки: неглубокая очистки, частое обслуживание (замена фильтров раз в месяц).

Проточный фильтр состоит из 1-4 картриджей и очищает воду от крупных механических загрязнений, химических примесей, хлора и других элементов. Хоть такой тип и имеет несколько этапов очистки, он не позволяет нейтрализовать бактерии и микробы, поэтому после проточного фильтра воду нужно кипятить.

Преимущества: картриджи нужно заменять раз в 4-6 месяцев, есть удобный кран для подачи воды

Недостатки: средняя степень очистки

Фильтры для глубокой очистки

 

К фильтрам для глубокой очистки относятся мембранные и обратноосмотические системы.

Мембранный фильтр - это система, состоящая из 4-5 картриджей. Кроме угольных и полипропиленовых картриджей для очистки крупных взвесей, хлора, нефтепродуктов и органики, в системе присутствует ультрафильтрационная мембрана. Эта мембрана позволяет очищать примеси размером от 0,1 мкм и более. Таким образом, такой фильтр для очистки воды может даже нейтрализовать бактерии, микробы и вирусы, поэтому воду после мембранного фильтра можно пить даже без кипячения.

Преимущества: воду можно пить без кипячения

Недостатки: остается накипь на чайнике

Фильтр обратного осмоса - это водоочиститель, который работает на основе самой эффективной на данный момент технологии очистки воды – технологии обратного осмоса. Он удаляет до 99% загрязнений благодаря полупроницаемой мембране, которая задерживает примеси размером до 0,00001 мкм. Обратный осмос справляется с микробами, бактериями, вирусами и даже удаляет из воды мельчайшие элементы – минералы и соли. После осмоса вода не оставляет накипи на чайнике и её можно пить без кипячения, так как она эффективно очищена и полностью безопасна для организма. Система обратного осмоса может состоять из 5-9 картриджей. Кроме стандартной комплектации, фильтр может быть оборудован минерализатором, структуризатором, УФ-лампой и картриджем воды Грандера.

Преимущества: самая эффективная технология очистки воды, вода не оставляет накипи на чайнике.

Бытовые фильтры и их разновидности

Фильтры для бытовой воды очищают воду одновременно во всей квартире/доме, так как устанавливаются на магистральную трубу при входе коммуникаций в помещение. Среди бытовых фильтров есть те, которые очищают отдельно железо, хлор, соли жесткости, механические загрязнения, а есть те, которые очищают одновременно большинство вышеперечисленных примесей.

 

Узконаправленные фильтры

Механический фильтр – такой фильтр удаляет из воды взвеси: песок, ржавчину, окалину, ил и глину. Механический фильтр предотвращает снижение напора в кранах из-за мелких частичек загрязнений. Взвеси в воде могут также спровоцировать поломку бойлера или стиральной машины, если они накапливаются в рабочих элементах этой техники.

Угольный фильтр – этот тип водоочистителя отвечает за удаление из воды хлора, нефтепродуктов, тяжелых металлов и органики. Действующий элемент – активированный уголь из кокосового ореха. Кроме того, после прохождения фильтра вода становится прозрачной, нейтрализуется её запах и привкус. Хлор имеет свойство сушить кожу при умывании и купании, а в комплексе с органикой создает вредные хлорорганические соединения, которые при кипячении воды наносят большой вред организму.

Умягчающий фильтр  удаляет из воды соли жесткости. Действующий элемент – ионообменная смола. Благодаря этому на нагревательных элементах бытовой техники, использующей воду, не образуется накипь. Чаще всего именно накипь является причиной поломок стиральных машин, бойлеров и котлов. Установив всего один умягчающий фильтр, Вы защитите от накипи сразу всю свою бытовую технику. Существует также фильтр-умягчитель для каждого отдельного бытового прибора, который устанавливается непосредственно перед выбранной единицей бытовой техники и защищает от накипи именно его.

Фильтр-обезжелезыватель – удаляет из воды железо и марганец, некоторые фильтры также позволяют дополнительно удалять сероводород. Такой фильтр сначала провоцирует выпадение растворенного железа в осадок, а затем удаляет его сорбционным способом. Фильтр-обезжелезыватель предотвращает появление ржавого осадка на сантехнике и желтых пятен на одежде после стирки, нейтрализует металлический привкус и запах воды.

Фильтр комплексной очистки

Данный тип фильтра позволяет одновременно удалять соли жесткости, железа, марганца, органики и аммиака. Такая модель  может заменить 2-3 узконаправленных фильтра.

Обратите также внимание, что бытовые фильтры есть картриджного типа, колонного типа, кабинетного и сетчатого типа (механические). У каждого из этих разновидностей есть свои преимущества и недостатки. Поэтому советуем ближе ознакомиться с их особенностями. При возникновении любых вопросов, обращайтесь к менеджерам filter.ua, они совершенно безвозмездно помогут разобраться в любом вопросе касательно водоочистки.

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